Lifestyle

Night shift work is linked to increased risk of heart problems

People who work night shifts are at increased risk of developing an irregular and often abnormally fast heart rhythm called atrial fibrillation (AF), according to research published in the European Heart Journal. The study is the first to investigate the links between night shift work and AF. Using information from 283,657 people in the UK […]

Lifestyle

Improving patient experiences in cancer clinical trials

Cancer clinical trials (CCTs) provide patients an opportunity to receive experimental drugs, tests, and/or procedures that can lead to remissions. For some, a CCT may seem like their only option. Yet little is known about the experiences of patient participants who withdraw from CCTs. Now, a first-of-its-kind study from the University of Pennsylvania School of […]

Lifestyle

Regular exercise, even in polluted areas, can lower risk of death

Regular exercise, even performed in areas with air pollution, can reduce the risk of death from natural causes, according to new research in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). “Habitual exercise reduces the risk of death regardless of exposure to air pollution, and air pollution generally increases the risk of death regardless of habitual exercise. Thus, […]

Lifestyle

Removing race from kidney function estimates may impact care of black cancer patients

An accurate assessment of a patient’s kidney function is critical for determining eligibility for anticancer treatments. In a paper published today in The Lancet Oncology, University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences researchers found that removing race-based adjustments from equations estimating the kidney function of oncology patients may negatively impact care for Black patients […]

Lifestyle

Health care visits for sunburn are rare

Health care encounters for the diagnosis of sunburn are uncommon but not negligible, according to a research letter published online Aug. 11 in JAMA Dermatology. Malgorzata K. Nowakowska, from the Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, and colleagues used data from Truven MarketScan to identify sunburn visits among commercially insured patients from January 2009 to […]

Lifestyle

Brain-training app aids cognitive function after brain injury

A self-directed brain training app may be effective for improving cognitive impairment following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), according to a study published online July 27 in Brain. Henry W. Mahncke, Ph.D., from Posit Science Corporation in San Francisco, and colleagues evaluated the efficacy of a self-administered computerized plasticity-based cognitive training program among 149 veterans […]

Lifestyle

Durable responses to immunotherapy seen in rare angiosarcoma tumors

In a small study of 16 patients with the rare cancer angiosarcoma, tumors in four patients partially or completely responded to treatment with a combination of the immunotherapy drugs ipilimumab and nivolumab. Another two patients maintained stable disease on the drug combination. In some cases responses to treatment have been sustained for longer than one […]